Roquemore Skierski PLLC

Roquemore Skierski, PLLC

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Common Contract Terms and Definitions

Understanding common contract terms and definitions can feel like learning a new language. But knowing these terms is crucial, especially if you’re dealing with business agreements. Whether you’re drafting a contract with a business lawyer, consulting a business law firm, or simply looking for business law near me for guidance, being familiar with these basics can save you from confusion and potential disputes. So, let’s break down some of these terms into simpler language.

What Is a Contract?

At its core, a contract is a promise between two or more people to do something (like sell something) or not do something (like not start a competing business). It’s like making a pinky promise but with legal power behind it. If someone breaks that promise, the other person can ask a court for help.

Key Contract Terms Explained

Offer and Acceptance

  • Offer: When someone proposes a deal. Think of it as saying, “I’ll sell you my bike for $100.”
  • Acceptance: When the other person says, “Deal!” It means they agree to the terms as they are.


  • Consideration: This is what each person in the contract promises to give up. In the bike example, one person gives up the bike, and the other gives up $100. It’s the “what’s in it for me” part of the contract.

Performance and Breach

  • Performance: Doing what the contract says you will do. If you deliver the bike, you’ve performed your part.
  • Breach: Not doing what the contract says. Someone has broken the contract if you don’t deliver the bike or the buyer doesn’t pay.

Liability and Indemnity

  • Liability: This concerns who is responsible if something goes wrong. For example, if the bike you sell turns out to be stolen, you could be liable.
  • Indemnity: This means one person agrees to protect the other from any harm or loss that comes from the contract. If you agree to cover any damages if the bike is stolen, that’s indemnity.

Warranty and Representation

  • Warranty: A promise that something in the contract is true. For example, you promise the bike works well.
  • Representation: A fact someone states is true. If you say, “This bike has never been in an accident,” that’s a representation.


  • Termination: This is how a contract ends because the deal is done or someone wants to end it early. Maybe you sell the bike, or you decide not to sell it after all.

Why These Terms Matter

Knowing these terms is not just about sounding smart. They help you understand what you’re agreeing to in a contract. If something goes wrong like if the bike was stolen, knowing these terms helps you figure out what to do next. Maybe you need to talk to a business lawyer in Dallas or a business law lawyer wherever you are to get advice.

How a Business Lawyer Can Help

A business lawyer can help you understand contracts better and make sure you’re protected. They can explain the fancy terms and your rights if things don’t go as planned. Whether you’re signing a lease, selling something, or hiring someone, a lawyer makes sure the contract says what you want it to say.

Finding Help Near You

If you’re thinking, “I need to find business law near me,” you’re in luck. There are lawyers everywhere who specialize in contracts and business deals. They can help you write a contract, review a deal, or handle a problem if something goes wrong.

Knowing common contract terms and definitions is like having a secret weapon in business. Our contract law lawyers at Roquemore Skierskie, PLLC, can help you create, analyze, and protect your business from unknown terms. It makes agreements clearer, helps prevent misunderstandings, and gives you a path to follow if there’s a disagreement. Whether you’re working with a business law firm, a business lawyer in Dallas, or just trying to navigate a contract on your own, understanding these terms can make a big difference. So, next time you’re dealing with a contract, remember these basics, and if you’re ever unsure, don’t hesitate to get help from a professional.